Frances Every

Frances Every
Frances Every's picture
Alumni - PhD Student
Primary research group: 
Natural Resources-Based Livelihoods


PhD Thesis

Livelihoods, Vulnerabilities and Food security: Barriers and opportunities for the Bajo fishing community of Wuring Laut


There is increasing recognition that small scale fisheries make a vital contribution to local and regional economies and to food and livelihood security throughout the developing world. Small scale fishing communities in developing countries are highly vulnerable to poverty and many fishing households face an uncertain future. Frances has spent twelve months conducting ethnographic research in the Bajo community of Wuring Laut, Flores Island eastern Indonesia.

The primary aim of this thesis is to conduct a critical enquiry into factors contributing to vulnerability to poverty and livelihood insecurity in Wuring Laut. The secondary aim is to explore ways of improving existing livelihoods and encouraging livelihood diversity.

Research questions are grouped into three categories 1) livelihood strategies and access to assets 2) local governance and marine resource management 3) livelihood improvements.

The theoretical framework for this thesis is the Sustainable Livelihood Framework within which are nested the closely related concepts of vulnerability, resilience, sustainability and access rights.

Research findings show that capacity of this fishing community to construct resilient and diverse livelihoods within and beyond the local fishery sector is heavily constrained by difficulties in accessing assets and inequitable distribution of profits from fishing. Social exclusion on the basis of ethnicity also impacts on access. These factors limit community resilience to shocks and stresses effecting livelihoods, limiting both adaptive capacity and capacity to contribute to local conservation goals. The results from Wuring Laut will be relevant to other coastal and maritime populations in Southeast Asia in respect to addressing goals around achieving sustainable fisheries and food and livelihood security.

My projects

There is increasing recognition that small scale fisheries make a vital contribution to local and

People I work with

Assoc Prof Natasha Stacey's picture
Assoc Prof Natasha Stacey
Natural resources-based livelihoods, Associate Professor
Dr. Abu Nasar Abdullah's picture
Dr. Abu Nasar Abdullah
Julian Gorman's picture
Julian Gorman
Research Fellow
Indrawati Y. Asmara's picture
Indrawati Y. Asmara
Luke Preece's picture
Luke Preece
Nick Hogarth's picture
Nick Hogarth
Nick Smith's picture
Nick Smith
Ria Fitriana's picture
Ria Fitriana
Dr Sarah Hobgen's picture
Dr Sarah Hobgen
Research Associate
Prof. Owen Stanley's picture
Prof. Owen Stanley
Kamal Melvani's picture
Kamal Melvani
PhD Student
Ronju Ahammad's picture
Ronju Ahammad
Casual Researcher
Dirk Steenbergen's picture
Dirk Steenbergen
Post-doctoral Fellow (NAMRA)
Pia Harkness's picture
Pia Harkness
PhD Student
Frederika Rambu Ngana's picture
Frederika Rambu Ngana
PhD student
Hannah Ling's picture
Hannah Ling
PhD Student
Dr Lisa Petheram's picture
Dr Lisa Petheram
Sam Pickering's picture
Sam Pickering
Research Associate
Kim Hunnam's picture
Kim Hunnam
PhD Student
Gianna Bonis-Profumo's picture
Gianna Bonis-Profumo
PhD Candidate
Emily Gibson's picture
Emily Gibson
PhD Student

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