Owner Horizon Environmental Soil Survey and Evaluation has 34 years’ experience as a landscape scientist. His PhD thesis on mine landform design using natural analogues linked landform design to soil, biodiversity and catchment water balance objectives – developing a testable methodology for ecological landform design. Ian has broad consulting experience including ecosystem reconstruction, soil and water contamination and soil related issues with mining and agriculture. He has published research on landform design, soil formation from spoil materials, broad area land resource assessment and non-point source contamination in multiple use water supply catchments with CSIRO Land & Water and Sydney University. He is a professional adjunct to the Research Institute for the Environment and Livelihoods at Charles Darwin University.