This project has two main aims. Firstly to review information and approaches for evaluating the contribution of small-scale fisheries (SSF) and aquaculture to household livelihoods in coastal communities of Indonesia. The second major aim is to review the roles of women in SSF. This project also investigates cases where attempts have been made to enhance the livelihoods of SSF communities by strengthening or diversifying existing livelihoods or introducing alternative ones. Small-scale fisheries (SSFs) are receiving increasing recognition for their contribution to food security, poverty alleviation and preventing malnutrition in the developing world. It is estimated that of all the people involved in capture fisheries 90% are part of SSF. The number of women in Indonesia who are involved in the SSF and aquaculture sectors is largely unknown, but may be up to 50% or more of the people engaged in fisheries, based on estimates from comparable fisheries in Africa.
This research will build knowledge, inform applied research approaches and identify gaps in research training for understanding the contribution of SSF and aquaculture to enhancing coastal livelihoods. The key outcomes from this research will be an improved understanding of the nature and benefits of SSF to local communities in general and to women in particular, and the opportunities (and constraints) in developing livelihood improvement strategies.
The project has four main objectives:
1. Develop an understanding of the significance of SSF in Indonesia and women’s roles in these fisheries,
2. Describe success factors in developing enhanced coastal livelihoods of SSF communities through mechanisms to strengthen, diversify or find alternative livelihoods
3. Identify opportunities where livelihoods from SSF may be strengthened, diversified or alternatives developed
4. Document knowledge gaps and future research needs.